Review: Frontiers of Environment, Edited by Meena Bhargava

During the Mughal rule , India was widely considered to be one of the richest and most powerful countries in the world while in 2018, India is one of the poorest countries in the world, in terms of per capita income, people living under the poverty line. Most people like to blame the british rulers for many of the problems faced by India, however now india has been independent for more than 70 years, yet the indian rulers lack the vision and honesty to accept their mistakes and correct them. So in some ways, India is a worse country for its citizens than the people who were living in the country, 500 years ago, because unlike Akbar and many other rulers, the indian government does not care for the welfare of many of its citizens

The book Frontiers of Environment is an interesting book on how the rulers of India managed the natural resources at their disposal, like the land, forests, wildlife, rivers, and other water bodies . The Mughals encouraged people to cultivate the land, so that they could get a share of their revenues which led to the great wealth and power of the Mughal empire. It also states how the Mughal rulers starting from Babur kept very detailed records of everything including wildlife and plants , how elephants were given to the kings as tributes, and how canals were built to increase agricultural produce.

In 2018, when flooding and water shortages, droughts, farmer suicides are a major problem , it is particularly interesting how the rulers managed the water resources. They took the effort to build canals, take the help of richer landlords and others to build the canals so that larger areas could be irrigated, and floods could be mitigated to some extent. In comparison, in 2018, the indian government is extremely poor in managing water resources, during the monsoon instead of developing facilities for storing the rain water, the streets are flooded, water is wasted, drained to the sea, or allowed to evaporate

Unlike the Mughals and British who were very rigorous in their record keeping, India appears to have regressed at present with the indian government hiring employees based on fake verbal claims instead of keeping proper records, which the Mughals did 500 years ago. For example the indian government is falsely claiming that 10 google, tata sponsored R&AW employees goan prostitute sunaina chodan, siddhi mandrekar, cheater housewives nayanshree hathwar, riddhi nayak,indore document robber veena,naina, asmita patel, ruchika king and other fraud raw/cbi employees who do not spend any money on domain names , own this website to pay all these frauds a monthly indian government salary at the expense of the domain investor.

Building canals and managing water resources required real engineering skills, however in 2018 the government does not value experienced engineers from top colleges, subjecting them to identity theft, falsely claiming that google, tata supplied goan prostitutes, school dropouts, cheater housewives and other frauds who have never worked as engineers, are experienced engineers to give them great powers, R&AW/cbi jobs at the expense of the engineer. The mughals and british at least acknowledged the skills, experience of engineers, while in 2018, the indian government refuses to acknowledge the experienced engineer, falsely claiming that google,tata supplied sex workers, frauds have the skills, experience of the engineer.

The domain investor legally owning the website has been subjected to identity theft by the indian government which refuses to acknowledge the time and money she is spending online and falsely claims that 10 google, tata sponsored goan prostitute sunaina , siddhi, cheater housewives like goan gsb fraud housewife riddhi nayak who looks like actress kangana ranaut, and other fraud raw/cbi employees who do not spend any money and time online, own this website to pay all these lazy greedy frauds, sex workers a monthly indian government salary. This again highlights the lack of humanity and honesty of the indian government compared to rulers 400-500 years ago.

The nobles and rulers of India would not treat the peasants who were working cultivating crops unfairly because the peasants would run away to the forest and the revenues of the rulers would be affected. In contrast in 2018 bribed by google, tata the indian government is openly involved in identity theft refusing to acknowledge hard working citizens while pampering and rewarding google, tata sponsored greedy lazy goan prostitutes, cheater housewives like panaji extortionist goan gsb fraud housewife riddhi nayak, bengaluru shivalli brahmin R&AW employee cheater housewife nayanshree hathwar who are not doing any work, have no skills,no experience, no work ethic .

Highly recommended for those who wish to compare the rule of earlier rulers of India to the present rulers, find out India of 2018 is a poor country compared to the Mughal era, when India was one of the richest countries in the world .

Frontiers of Environment
Issues in Medieval and Early Modern India
Edited by Meena Bhargava
Publisher : Orient Black Swan