Review: Frontiers of Environment, Edited by Meena Bhargava

During the Mughal rule , India was widely considered to be one of the richest and most powerful countries in the world while in 2018, India is one of the poorest countries in the world, in terms of per capita income, people living under the poverty line. Most people like to blame the british rulers for many of the problems faced by India, however now india has been independent for more than 70 years, yet the indian rulers lack the vision and honesty to accept their mistakes and correct them. So in some ways, India is a worse country for its citizens than the people who were living in the country, 500 years ago, because unlike Akbar and many other rulers, the indian government does not care for the welfare of many of its citizens

The book Frontiers of Environment is an interesting book on how the rulers of India managed the natural resources at their disposal, like the land, forests, wildlife, rivers, and other water bodies . The Mughals encouraged people to cultivate the land, so that they could get a share of their revenues which led to the great wealth and power of the Mughal empire. It also states how the Mughal rulers starting from Babur kept very detailed records of everything including wildlife and plants , how elephants were given to the kings as tributes, and how canals were built to increase agricultural produce.

In 2018, when flooding and water shortages, droughts, farmer suicides are a major problem , it is particularly interesting how the rulers managed the water resources. They took the effort to build canals, take the help of richer landlords and others to build the canals so that larger areas could be irrigated, and floods could be mitigated to some extent. In comparison, in 2018, the indian government is extremely poor in managing water resources, during the monsoon instead of developing facilities for storing the rain water, the streets are flooded, water is wasted, drained to the sea, or allowed to evaporate

Unlike the Mughals and British who were very rigorous in their record keeping, India appears to have regressed at present with the indian government hiring employees based on fake verbal claims instead of keeping proper records, which the Mughals did 500 years ago. For example the indian government is falsely claiming that 10 google, tata sponsored R&AW employees goan prostitute sunaina chodan, siddhi mandrekar, cheater housewives nayanshree hathwar, riddhi nayak,indore document robber veena,naina, asmita patel, ruchika king and other fraud raw/cbi employees who do not spend any money on domain names , own this website to pay all these frauds a monthly indian government salary at the expense of the domain investor.

Building canals and managing water resources required real engineering skills, however in 2018 the government does not value experienced engineers from top colleges, subjecting them to identity theft, falsely claiming that google, tata supplied goan prostitutes, school dropouts, cheater housewives and other frauds who have never worked as engineers, are experienced engineers to give them great powers, R&AW/cbi jobs at the expense of the engineer. The mughals and british at least acknowledged the skills, experience of engineers, while in 2018, the indian government refuses to acknowledge the experienced engineer, falsely claiming that google,tata supplied sex workers, frauds have the skills, experience of the engineer.

The domain investor legally owning the website has been subjected to identity theft by the indian government which refuses to acknowledge the time and money she is spending online and falsely claims that 10 google, tata sponsored goan prostitute sunaina , siddhi, cheater housewives like goan gsb fraud housewife riddhi nayak who looks like actress kangana ranaut, and other fraud raw/cbi employees who do not spend any money and time online, own this website to pay all these lazy greedy frauds, sex workers a monthly indian government salary. This again highlights the lack of humanity and honesty of the indian government compared to rulers 400-500 years ago.

The nobles and rulers of India would not treat the peasants who were working cultivating crops unfairly because the peasants would run away to the forest and the revenues of the rulers would be affected. In contrast in 2018 bribed by google, tata the indian government is openly involved in identity theft refusing to acknowledge hard working citizens while pampering and rewarding google, tata sponsored greedy lazy goan prostitutes, cheater housewives like panaji extortionist goan gsb fraud housewife riddhi nayak, bengaluru shivalli brahmin R&AW employee cheater housewife nayanshree hathwar who are not doing any work, have no skills,no experience, no work ethic .

Highly recommended for those who wish to compare the rule of earlier rulers of India to the present rulers, find out India of 2018 is a poor country compared to the Mughal era, when India was one of the richest countries in the world .

Frontiers of Environment
Issues in Medieval and Early Modern India
Edited by Meena Bhargava
Publisher : Orient Black Swan

Review : Amazing legends of India by Swapna Rajput

“Amazing legends of India” by Swapna Rajput is a fairly comprehensive history book, covering many of the major characters in Indian mythology and history till the Sepoy mutiny in 1857 against the British.

Unlike most indian history books which mainly cover facts validated by historians, the book includes many of the mythological characters like Valmiki, Vishwamitra, Shakuntala, Savitri and focusses on individuals instead of the historical eras like the Indus valley civilization. The first historically validated king in the book is King Porus and most of the major kings like Chandragupta Maurya, Samrat Ashoka, Vikramaditya, SamudraGupta, Raja Bhoj, Prithviraj Chauhan, Hemu ,Maharana Pratap, Shivaji, Ranjit Singh in Indian history are described

Fairly detailed information is also provided of the Islamic rulers who conquered india starting with Qutub-ud-din-Aibak, who was a slave of Mohammed Ghori and started the first muslim sultanate. It also covers Allaudin Khilji, Razia Sultan, and Muhammad bin Tughlaq who was mentioned repeatedly in India after demonetization was announced. Most of the major Mughal rulers started from Babur to Aurangzeb are mentioned in some detail. Southern rulers like Adil Shah, Nizam, Qutub Shahi and Tipu Sultan are also described for reference

Since the author of the book studied in Karnataka, the book has more information about the historical characters from Karnataka and South India compared to most ICSE and CBSE history text books. The southern rulers like the Cholas, Pandyas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Pallavas are mentioned. The Vijaynagar empire, Wodeyars of Mysore and the Kadamba dynasty which was based in Karnataka has also been described.

The book has provided a brief summary of the major characters in Indian history, however more details would be appreciated. For example Shivaji Maharaj is mentioned, however his son Sambhaji who was brutally murdered by Aurangzeb is not mentioned in great detail, how exactly he was trapped by the Mughals. This could be a shortcoming of the book, because the author has tried to cover a lot of information in relatively few words, which may be useful for those who are studying for a competitive exam, taking part in a quiz.

Some of the information is included in school history books. Like most of the self published books in India , the book should have been edited and proof read as this has adversely affected the readability of the book. For example on page 116, “To conclude , born to legendary lovers but most hated Islamic king of India, who was responsible for deteriorating kings of other religion as well as torturing the citizens to fill the treasure” Though this reviewer has been greatly criticized by google and other companies for mistakes, for a printed book, the author could have consulted a proof reader. With extremely limited opportunities for middle aged people in India, there are many who will proof read at a very low cost

The book is useful as a reference especially for those who do not use the internet or do not find the information online reliable. It is also recommended for those who have to answer the general knowledge section in entrance exams, exams for getting jobs and quizzes, and for getting a general overview of indian history.

Amazing legends of India
Author: Swapna Rajput
Pages : 199
Published : 2015
Publisher : Quills Ink , self published
Author review copy